Ruševec - Family Vacation Pohorje

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History of Beekeeping and its Development

Beekeeping, also known as Apiculture, is an agricultural branch in which beekeepers take care of the honey bee colonies, usually situated in hives. Beekeepers (or apiarists) keep bees in order to collect honey and other products of the hive (Beeswax, Propolis, Pollen, Royal Jelly) and to pollinate crops. The most common bee species are domestic honeybees. In Slovenia, the apiarists mainly keep the authentic Carniolan Honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica).

In ancient times people stole honey from the nests of wild bees (people living in the wild still do it). Prehistory paintings in caves found in Spain, South Africa and Central India show people gathering honey from honeycombs at dizzy heights or in hollow trees and rocks. Also today, honey-seekers in Turkey or Nepal are famous for dangerous rope descends in the precipices and the hollows protected only by a smoking torch.

There are different reports of ancient beekeeping coming from different parts of the world. The oldest manuscript about beekeeping in the hives was found in the Temple of the Sun, built by Ne-user-re in Sahara desert near Cairo 2400 BC. The Agricultural Museum in Dokki (Egypt) keeps two honey pots originating from 1400 BC.  

Did you know?
About one third of the world food production depends on plants pollinated by animals, the major part of the work is done by bees consistently gathering pollen. Bees are of crucial importance for our survival, their pollination is very important for our ecosystem. Moreover, honey is one of the rare alimentary products that people ingest in the same form as it was naturally made.

Egyptian hives were very similar to the hives today. They were some sort of straw baskets in which a bee swarm could be caught. In the Middle East hollow mud cylinders were used, they were dried out in the sun and then placed one over another. In other parts of the world different natural materials were used, for example hollow logs, pumpkins etc. 

It is confirmed that in Great Britain bees were kept as early as in the Bronze Age, since beeswax was used for bronze casting, candles and lamps. In the Middle Ages mainly baskets were used and after them vertical hives knitted out of rods. Wooden, more specialized hives were not made until the 17th century, when joinery started to develop. Mysterious bee life encouraged people to construction of such a hive that they could also observe bees. In the 1830s a beekeeper Thomas Nutt built some extremely complicated hives with little towers and glass domes.

Economic activity

Despite very long history of beekeeping, the honey production as an economic activity did not develop before 1800 when also technology in this field made considerable progress. In the past, beekeepers gathered all honeycombs and they had to crush and heat them before they could make use of them. Meanwhile bees were left on their own, starving without food and many of them died. Only in 1852 an American clergyman Rev. Langstroth made first simple wooden beehive with removable frame. In this hive bees built honeycomb into frames, which could be moved with ease. The frames were designed to prevent bees from attaching honeycombs where they would either connect adjacent frames, or connect frames to the walls of the hive. The movable frames allowed beekeepers to manage the bees in a way which was formerly impossible. Fifteen years later, an Austrian Major Francesco de Hruschka, an officer in the Italian Army, invented the first centrifugal honey extractor. By using the extractor, honeycombs remained undamaged and bees could use them again. It meant great saving of time, moreover, the honey remained clean. Later, sheets of comb foundation with hexagonal pattern were invented. Such foundation sheets allow the bees to build the comb with less effort. In 1869 A. I. Root Company from Medina in Ohio developed modern technology for making honeycombs as thin as natural ones. And the mass production of honey set off. 

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Villa Ruševec
Hočko Pohorje 36 n
SI - 2208 Pohorje, SLOVENIA
T: +386 2 603 63 00
M: +386 51 625 102
F: +386 3 757 13 30
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Nejc

The Boutique Wellness Ruševec is really something, the real experience. Body treatments are superb ‒ they include all branches of wellness. We recommend it to all who are looking for a place to relax.

Irena

Pohorje and the Villa Ruševec surrounding is a perfect location for hikers and bikers. It’s very peaceful, there are many well-marked paths and routes of all levels of difficulty.

Maja

The Villa Ruševec is situated in a very quiet, full-of-hills location of Pohorje. We recommend it to all who are seeking to be in touch with wonderful nature.

Simon

The surrounding of the Villa Ruševec is wonderful and the Villa is clean and nice. We were very satisfied with the additional offers. A ski centre is only 2 km away and after skiing the Ruševec is a perfect peaceful shelter.

Andreja

Thank you for a wonderful family relaxation in your apartment. I recommend the Villa Ruševec to all. My children enjoyed it very much. Ruško the Black Grouse rules.

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