Ruševec - Family Vacation Pohorje


History of Herbalism

Herbs have always been a true friend to people giving them powerful nutrition and spiritual strength. Scientists estimate that long back in the Stone Age people used certain herbs as spices for their food, especially for meat. Proofs from 4000 years B. C. confirm the use of herbs by man. The Sumerians and the Babylonians from Mesopotamia grew fennel, caraway, coriander, thyme and saffron. They traded with these herbs and wrote down their calculations on tablets ‒ they wrote on tablets  by pressing picture representations into wet clay with a pen then they dried the clay. The Egyptians used herbs as medicine and for cosmetic purposes. 2700 B. C. first Chinese writing about herbs were made. The Druids (groups of Celtic philosophers) were respected for their knowledge about herbs and their medicinal use. Due to stories about miraculous healings people associated herbs with magic. Many centuries later scientists proved that the healings had been consequences of chemical processes unknown to ancient people. People used to carry bag of herbs as a typhus protection. It is scientifically proven that antiseptic oil of certain herbs kill bacteria.

Herbs were very important in religious life. The Bible says that God gave healing powers to plants. The holy oil for anointment consisted of myrrh and cinnamon among other, and aloe was used as incense.


Middle-Ages and Herbalism

In the 8th century, the Moorish Muslims that conquered almost the whole Iberian Peninsula restarted with herbs and spices trade. The Moorish knew a lot about natural processes of extraction and distillation of essential oils and perfumes from aromatic plants. In the 12th century a very lively trade between crusaders and merchants from the East took place: flax and wool from the West was traded for spices and silk from the East. At the end of 13th century Marco Polo from Venice travelled to China, Burma and India. A sea-road to India passing the Cape of Good Hope was discovered and whole new herbs and spices trade began. 1500 years ago Benedict of Nursia founded first monastery. In monasteries knowledge and ideas were developed and maintained that could not be found outside monastery walls ‒ also about herbs and food production. Monks got their knowledge from books of- and about previous civilisations and they enriched it with their own findings from experimental and practical work. Behind majestic monastery walls mini-worlds were hidden from the outside world. These special worlds were based on knowledge of the past and the system of complete self-sufficiency in food. Monks grew and studied plants, they also took care of breeding of variety and medicine production. Their stocks of food and medicine enabled them to survive devastations of wars, plague and other epidemics. Even today, visiting cultivated monastery gardens offers a great horticultural experience.          

Herbs were once as precious as gold and people selling herbs were powerful people. The Arabic peoples held a monopoly over trade with herbs and spices. They controlled the market of exotic spices for over 5000 years. In order to maintain their monopoly position they told frightful stories about travelling from Far East to Europe. In their caravan there were 4000 camels loaded with spices from Goa and Calcutta. They sold these treasures on the markets in Babylon, Carthage, Alexandria and Rome. After thousands of years Arabic power slowly descended and with it also interest in herbs and spices.

Wealthy Trading

In history, the Dutch were one of the trading superpowers. They had powerful fleet that carried out colonial activities on islands around India and Indonesia. In 1658 the Dutch East India Company hold a monopoly of the cinnamon trade on Ceylon, and later also pepper- and trade of other species on Celebes and Java. The British established their East India Company and traded mostly with India. In that time America began to import pepper from Sumatra. By the end of the 19th century use of herbs decreased again. Growing of herbs was not necessary because people could buy artificial substitutions ‒ modern synthetic medicines. Preservation of food, too, lost its importance.

Today, interest in herbs have been increasing again. People are interested in nature and what it offers to man. Exotic travels and mixing of cultures have brought to variety of food and dishes and herbs. This is positive, because it enables us to learn a lot from ancient and recent knowledge about herbs and spices.    

Booking Ruševec

tel.: +386 2 603 63 00

mob.: +386 51 62 51 02

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Villa Ruševec
Hočko Pohorje 36 n
SI - 2208 Pohorje, SLOVENIA
T: +386 2 603 63 00
M: +386 51 625 102
F: +386 3 757 13 30
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The Boutique Wellness Ruševec is really something, the real experience. Body treatments are superb ‒ they include all branches of wellness. We recommend it to all who are looking for a place to relax.


Pohorje and the Villa Ruševec surrounding is a perfect location for hikers and bikers. It’s very peaceful, there are many well-marked paths and routes of all levels of difficulty.


The Villa Ruševec is situated in a very quiet, full-of-hills location of Pohorje. We recommend it to all who are seeking to be in touch with wonderful nature.


The surrounding of the Villa Ruševec is wonderful and the Villa is clean and nice. We were very satisfied with the additional offers. A ski centre is only 2 km away and after skiing the Ruševec is a perfect peaceful shelter.


Thank you for a wonderful family relaxation in your apartment. I recommend the Villa Ruševec to all. My children enjoyed it very much. Ruško the Black Grouse rules.

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